The terms of this technology 3d printing can be overwhelming. so today we will break it down and know the basics terminology
Let's first talk about FDM printing FDM stands for fused deposition modeling ,it might not be the password that first come to your mind when thinking of 3d printing but if you are considering owning a printer or work in a Fab Lab this ordinary printer is what you will most likely be using in short FDM printing is where most beginner starts.
What an FTM printer is and how it works this is not the cheapest printer, but it will give you an excellent overview of how this technology works, so let's get started with some basics terms to better understand this printer the first term is the 3d printer axis since we are printing in three dimensions it only makes sense that the printer moves in three directions XY and z the x and y dimensions are created by the right and the left movements of the x's height or dimension Z is created by a motor that lifts the model up and down .
Next is the build plate this is the place that our model will print on and is the part of the printer that moves up and down to create height like we just discussed under the build plate we have the bad in Ultimaker the reason hated bad that uses for a lot of things.
Then there is the filament the material that we will use to print there are many types of ailments such as abs or PLA these are the most common, but there are other types such as flexible filament or wood filament a funny story PLA from sugar cane and cord.
Now we study how the filament work and how the model comes to life the filament is fed by the extruder and motor that puts pressure on the filament and push and guide it through this process
Next the filament goes into the hotend a funny name in the printer right, but it is essential to the process because it's up the filament enough to manipulate it to the model shape then the heated filament is pushed through the nozzle this is where the filament comes out after being heated and can be drastically varied size the smaller the nozzle the more detailed the model but it will take more time this minimal amount of filament is placed in each layer
So let's summarize what we know so far first FDM is where most beginner start of 3d printing journey second the axis created the XY & z dimensions third, the build plate holds the model and sit on the top of the bed which can be heated fourth the two most common filaments are PLA, and the extruder feeds abs v filament into the hotend and use the nozzle .